India has carried out the master planning of 12 major ports as well as identified 95 capacity expansion and port modernisation projects, Minister of State for Shipping (Independent Charge), Mansukh Laxmanbhai Mandaviya informed the winter session of parliament in a written reply to an unstarred question. The capacity at major ports was re-rated against global benchmarks as per the berthing policy of 2016 and effective capacity had increased by 293 million tonnes per annum (MTPA) after completion of the exercise. Global benchmarks have been adopted to improve the efficiency and productivity at major ports and 116 initiatives have been identified to unlock 100 MTPA capacity. Mandaviya further added that an action plan for coastal shipping was prepared by the Asian Development Bank (ADB) in September 2019. This included recommendations for infrastructure creation required to boost coastal shipping in the country. The Ministry of Shipping has approved 67 projects at Rs 57.02 billion under the Sagarmala Programme for financial assistance of Rs 14.91 billion for improving port infrastructure and connectivity.