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The union cabinet has approved the promulgation of Mineral Laws (Amendment) Ordinance 2020 to open up commercial mining of coal by easing restrictions enforced through the Mines and Minerals (Development and Regulation) Act 1957 (MMDR Act) and the Coal Mines (Special Provisions) Act, 2015 (CMSP Act). Aimed at attracting foreign direct investment (FDI) in the sector, the ordinance allows coal mining by any company present in sectors other than steel and power and does away with the captive end-use restrictions. The move is expected to help build an efficient energy market, encourage competition and reduce coal imports. Several commentators felt that this could also end the monopoly enjoyed by the state-run behemoth, Coal India Ltd. After getting the Presidential assent, the ordinance will have to be adopted in the upcoming Budget session of the Parliament.