About 15.8 billion metric tonnes (MT) of steel and 69.2 billion MT of cement is likely to be consumed in the construction of all the houses sanctioned under Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana-Urban (PMAY-U) as per estimates, Hardeep Singh Puri, Minister of State (Independent Charge), Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs (MoHUA) and Ministry of Civil Aviation (MoCA) has said.
Addressing a webinar on ‘Atmanirbhar Bharat: Fostering Steel Usage in Housing & Construction and Aviation Sector’, the Puri said that nearly 8.4 billion MT steel and 37 billion MT cement would have already been consumed in houses completed so far.
Informing that under PMAY-U, so far, 10.7 million houses (against a demand of 11.2 million houses) across 4,550 urban cities and 670,000 houses had been grounded and 3.5 million had been delivered so far, Puri added that an estimated 36.5 million jobs would be generated in the construction of all sanctioned houses of which about 16.5 million jobs would have already been generated in the construction of houses grounded so far.
The minister added that in 2019, a vision for India becoming a $5 trillion economy by 2024 was laid out by Prime Minister and this growth was envisioned to be anchored in innovative, sustainable, inclusive and self-reliant infrastructure development across the country. Speaking on urbanisation, Puri said that our urban centres or cities were hubs of economic productivity, infrastructure, culture, and diversity. He added that 40 per cent of our population or 600 million Indians were expected to live in urban centres by 2030.
Highlighting the usage of steel in urban transport, Puri said that presently about 700 km metro length is operational in 18 cities and about 900 km network is under construction in 27 cities. He added that the average per km requirement of steel various types of steel like reinforcement, structural, stainless and high tensile (HT) steels in metro projects was about 13,000 MT.
Speaking about Indirect steel usage in Smart Cities Mission, Puri stated that 5,151 projects worth more than Rs 2 trillion were identified in 100 smart cities and the mission had tendered around 4,700 projects worth Rs 1,66 trillion, which is about 81 per cent of the total projects proposed. He added that around 3,800 projects amounting to approximately Rs 1,25 trillion, viz. 61 per cent had been grounded and more than 1,638 projects worth over Rs 2,70 trillion had been completed. To improve mobility, 215 smart road projects had been completed while 315 projects were near completion. As part of the Central Government’s commitment to making cities more liveable and sustainable, 70 projects related to smart water and 42 projects under smart solar had been completed.
Extensive Use in Airport Terminals
Highlighting usage of steel in the aviation sector, Puri said that steel was being used extensively in airport terminal buildings for the roof structure and as support to glass façade. He stated that with a steel roof structure, large column-free spaces can be created to give unobstructed view and appearance. Puri explained that the enhanced use of steel in terminal buildings and pre-engineered structures led to ease in work and speedy construction.
He stated that the value of steel used in the construction of airport terminal buildings in the past three years was about Rs 5.7 billion. He informed that the value of steel expected to be used for the construction of airport terminal buildings in the next five years was nearly Rs 19,05 billion.
He further said that in the next five years 15 new terminal buildings were planned for Rs 150 billion, requiring a large quantity of steel and added that on an average 12-15 per cent of cost component is steelwork for airports. The minister said that the steel ministry’s vision of 300 MT of capacity by 2030 would be strongly supplemented by the demand generated by urban infrastructure development over the next decade. He assured that the MoHUA and MoCA will play a crucial role in meeting that demand and the steel demand is only going to increase further in the years to come.
Speaking about the impact on the environment, the minister said that prime minister had stressed on the need to use new, alternative and faster construction strategies and technologies which were disaster resilient and environment friendly where the carbon footprint was minimal. He added that MoHUA had given a strong push to new technologies and informed that as of today more than 1.5 million houses had been built or were under construction using new technologies, both, under PMAY as well as through other state agencies.
Puri urged the steel industry to come out with their design and structures for the usage of newer strategies and technologies which will have faster completion periods for houses and which were resilient. He said that MoHUA will collaborate to promote it across states. He added that the ministry had already launched a Global Housing Technology Challenge-India (GHTC-India) to promote and propagate such new technologies.
The webinar was organised by the Ministry of Steel in association with the industry chamber Confederation of Indian Industry (CII). Hardeep Singh Puri, Minister of State (Independent Charge) for Housing and Urban Affairs & Civil Aviation and Minister of State for Commerce and Industry, Faggan Singh Kulaste, Minister of State for Steel were the guests of honour for the inaugural session. The secretaries of the departments of steel, MoHUA and civil aviation, senior officers of these departments and their PSUs, industry captains and CII’s senior functionaries also attended.