The Ministry of Jal Shakti (MoJS) has launched a new version of the India Water Resources Information System (India-WRIS) with new functionalities and features. Open to the public, and accessible through the web portal www.indiawris.gov.in, this portal contains information related to water resources through dashboards for rainfall, water levels and discharge of rivers, water bodies, groundwater levels, reservoir storages, evapotranspiration and soil moisture, as well as modules on water resources projects, water bodies, hydro-met data availability and tools for GIS layer editing.
As water is the key to life and development, judicious use of water resources assumes utmost importance, particularly when increasing population, urbanisation and related development creates additional pressure on available resources. Good planning of any resource requires a strong database and a reliable information system. To address this need, MoJS, under the National Hydrology Project, launched the first version of India-WRIS in July 2019. Since then a number of new functionalities and features have been added into the system.
India WRIS is, at present, receiving data from many central and state agencies like Central Water Commission (CWC), Central Ground Water Board (CGWB), India Meteorological Department (IMD) and National Remote Sensing Centre (NRSC) on a regular basis. Data from other agencies are also being integrated into the system so that it becomes a comprehensive platform for any data related to water and land resources. The MoJS has established a dedicated organisation, National Water Informatics Centre (NWIC) to maintain and update India WRIS.
Data Available for Various Purposes
The basis for all hydro-met observation data is the Water Information Management System (WIMS). Through a secured login, central and state water agencies can enter, analyse, validate and manage data for water level for both surface and groundwater, flow, water quality, sediment and many climate parameters. The system includes time-series data obtained through manual readings as well as telemetry data received by means of GPRS or satellite.
Through this portal, any stakeholder can visualise the information in a user-friendly manner, as well as download the information in the form of excel reports and graphs. The key features of the system are water information easily made available to users and the general public, for decision-makers, water managers, farmers and experts, direct access to hydro-met information from central and state agencies, real-time data available with one click, variety of modules for different needs, latest technologies, continuous development and improvement.
User groups like farmers and farmer welfare associations can utilise the information to plan crops and cropping patterns based on the rainfall, water availability in storages and groundwater aquifers. With changing times, the associations can involve youth for utilising the real-time data appropriately.
Individuals can use the data as per their requirement, to know the availability of water in their locality, groundwater level, level of water in the nearby river and such many facts. Planners and administrators can utilise this data of their states, basins for proper utilisation of water and to reduce the impact of floods and droughts. Similarly, researchers can utilise the data for water-related studies and modelling purposes as the data frequency required for such studies is available.