The economics of the airline industry has always been a concern for stake holders. Deep N Mukherjee and Ashoo Mishra explore the various challenges involved in this sector. The airline industry is a sector where reputation, skill and luck do not play a major role. A case in point is Warren Buffet who lost heavily in his investment in US Airways. The challenges for the Indian aviation industry increase further on the back of regulationdriven cost inefficiencies and a nascent market.