The Central government approved Smart Cities Mission involves the development of one hundred smart cities in India. One of the most important elements of smart city infrastructure is economical and environment friendly mass scale rapid public transport system.
An investment in HSR is typically a government decision which is primarily dependent on a number of factors, such as current and projected traffic, expected saving in time, and a reduction in accidents due to a modal shift, reduction in environmental externalities, ease in congestion in existing modes, and the average willingness of the users to pay.
Taking precedence from Japan which heralded the Â´bullet trainÂ´ legacy in 1964, the world began to partake of this Â´race against timeÂ´. High-speed rail (HSR), which uses an integrated system of specialised rolling stock and dedicated tracks, can significantly enhance the connectivity and trade between major cities in a country.