India is urbanising at, what a Union Minister has termed, a very 'dramatic' clip. It today has 50 cities with a population of over one million. As per the 2011 Census, the total number of cities and towns in the country had increased to 7,936 from 5,161 in 2001.
The 2014 report of the Planning Commission Committee chaired by K Kasturirangan found that 62 million tonnes (MT) of municipal solid waste (MSW) was produced per year, which is based on an average of 0.45 kilo per capita, per day, for IndiaÃ†s urban population.
Warring nations over water may sound apocalyptic, but there is no denying water is going to be a major restraint on urbanisation. Basic demand-supply rules apply here and explain to a large extent doomsday scenarios captured in Hollywood hits such as Water Wars
Over the last three decades the industrial sector in India has reportedly quadrupled in size, no doubt providing several benefits. With World Water Day on 22 March, Janaki Krishnamoorthi explores why government efforts at creating cooperative wastewater treatment plants have failed, and explains why industriesâ€™ contribution in conservation will augment business opportunities.