There are a variety of challenges in water and wastewater management. One of the major issues is that of the widening demand-supply gap in the water sector as well as treatment of wastewater.
India is urbanising at, what a Union Minister has termed, a very 'dramatic' clip. It today has 50 cities with a population of over one million. As per the 2011 Census, the total number of cities and towns in the country had increased to 7,936 from 5,161 in 2001.
The Centre for Science and Environment (CSE) has called for installation of solar rooftops to be made mandatory for all upcoming residential societies and sought a ban on use of diesel generator sets in highly-polluted urban areas like the national capital.
India is the only major vehicle producing country in the world without fuel saving standards for cars, said a report from the Centre for Science and Environment (CSE). More than 40 per cent of the oil and oil products in the country go into running vehicles. In fact, if this guzzling continues unabated, it can virtually wipe out the gains of fuel savings from all other steps, and undermine all efforts at reducing climate change risks, said Sunita Narain, CSE Director General.