Major Ports in India handled 315.4 MT of cargo during the first six months of FY2016-17 (April-September) and showed a positive growth of 5.1 per cent as compared to the same period last year. The cargo traffic handled by the Major Ports during the same period last year was 299.5 MT. This improvement of performance is the result of many measures initiated by the Ministry of Shipping to improve the performance of the ports.
The meandering course of the Indian ports sector, the backbone of the countryÂ´s trade and commerce, has long been raising alarms. There are no two views about the importance of ports and their contribution in sustaining the growth and development of the economy.
India has a coastline of 7,517 km, with 12 major ports and 200 notified non-major (minor or intermediate) ports along the coastline. Out of the 200 notified non-major ports, up to 2013-14, only 61 were reported to have been handling cargo brought through maritime routes.