Less than 20 per cent of the wastewater discharged by households, and 60 per cent of industrial wastewater, is treated in India. This situation has to change, say SHISHAM PRIYADARSHINI and AMISH SHROFF.
Mining is a temporary activity which involves intermediate use of land. Typically, the operating life of a mine lasts from a few years to several decades, depending upon the natural environment such as weather, soil and quality, excavation of resources mined through the mining, use and availability of land.
India has 275 GW of installed electricity generating capacity which is significantly higher than 140 GW of peak demand of electricity across the country. The energy generated through coal alone is higher than its peak demand. Despite the installed capacity exceeding power demand, some parts of the country face acute power shortages and more than 300 million people in India are still without access to power.
Indian soil is blessed with rich mineral resources and has a long history of mining, mineral production, and mineral utilisation. The mining sector in India is governed by the provisions of the Mines and Mineral (Development and Regulation) Act, 1957 (MMDR Act) together with the rules prescribed there under.