There is a perennial need for regulatory and institutional changes to keep in step with the social and infrastructural development. It often seems that the law is playing catch up with situations that evolve and many a times it is possible to trace in new or amended legislation the exact gap or mischief it is trying to plug.
Union Minister of Mines, Dinsha Patel has said that the National Mineral Policy, 2008 states that mining activities will be undertaken so that special care is paid to protect the interest of host and indigenous (tribal) population through developing models of stakeholder interest based on international best practice.
As the size of the economy grows, so does the demand for mineral resources like iron ore, coal, manganese, copper. India produces around 89 minerals out of which four are mineral fuels, 11 are metallic, 52 are non-metallic and 22 are minor minerals. In order to boost mining output, the central government revised the National Mineral Policy in 1994 and allowed private domestic and foreign investors to explore and exploit iron ore copper, zinc,